Archive for the ‘in english’ Category

The Friends of Durruti Group: 1937-1939

29 juillet 2016

80ème anniversaire de la Révolution espagnole

Republications estivales

Livre en anglais d’Agustin Guillamón:

guillamon-the-friends-of-durruti-group-1

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Publicités

The Civil War in Spain (Mattick, 1936)

19 juillet 2016

80ème anniversaire de la Révolution espagnole

Republications estivales

Numéro d’octobre 1936 d’International Council Correspondance spécialement consacré à la situation en Espagne, entièrement rédigé par Paul Mattick.

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Voir aussi:

The Anarchist Collectives: Workers’ Self-Management in the Spanish Revolution, 1936–1939

16 juillet 2016

80ème anniversaire de la Révolution espagnole

Livre en anglais édité en 1974, compilant notamment des textes d’Augustin Souchy et Gaston Leval, téléchargeable au format pdf (164 pages):

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Preface

The Spanish Social Revolution has been long neglected in English language works. Its importance as a revolutionary event and model, and as a concrete example of workers’ self-management by the people is just not recognized. My purpose in this collection is to provide an introduction to this unique experience. In my first chapter and friend Bookchin’s introductory essay, a general overview and context is presented. Most important, of course, is that this was a real experience for the people who took part. Through their words and deeds and the observations of the authors used in this collection, it is hoped that the reader will gain a meaningful understanding of the aims and organization of the anarchist collectives.

The material has been divided into two main sections. The first provides essential background information: the nature of the Spanish Revolution, the collectivist tradition, the development of the libertarian labor movement in Spain, and the historical events leading up to and then culminating in the destruction of the collectives.

The second, and main, section deals with the actual social revolution–the overall characteristics of agrarian collectivization and industrial socialization. It begins with a discussion about economic coordination, the place and nature of money in the collectives, and includes statistics on the number of collectives. It then deals with actual descriptions of life in the collectives, first under industrial socialization, and then in the rural collectives: how the new institutions were established, how they functioned, how production and distribution were handled; about coordination, exchange, relations between collectives, and between collectivized and non-collectivized areas. The book ends with a short evaluation of the anarchist collectives with some comments on their relevance and lessons.

The glossary, bibliography and appendices add to the overall usefulness of this volume. The photographs reproduced within begin to correct the visual bias that has left a plethora of war scenes but very little reflecting the constructive aspects of the Spanish Social Revolution. Most of the pictures are from contemporary sources held by the editor. I would like to thank Victor Berch, Special Collections Librarian at Brandeis University for permission to use the pictures on pages 104, 141, and 142.

The observers speaking in these selections visited the same regions and often the same collectives at different times within the short span of approximately two years. Since each observer stressed what seemed most important to him, their accounts supplement each other, thus providing a more balanced view of the new way of life than any single observer could have done. Under these circumstances, though, some repetition is inevitable. The translations I have made are strict to the meaning, but are not literal, for I have also been concerned with giving the spirit of the words, and with reducing repetitions.

Finally I would like to express my thanks to all the farsighted and brave people whose work I have used in putting together this collection. (A short biography on each is included in the bibliography.) Their efforts have immortalized a social experience of momentous importance. My object has been to present them to the English reader within a context that will be useful.

Acknowledgements

It is with the deepest appreciation that I acknowledge the contributions to the present work of the following persons:

My friend, Chuck Hamilton, for his tireless technical and editorial labors in turning a poorly typed manuscript into the finished book.

To my friend, Dr. Paul Avrich, for reading the manuscript and making valuable suggestions.

To my comrade, Murray Bookchin, who first encouraged me to undertake this project.

Last, but by no means least, my wife Esther who scrupulously examined the manuscript as it was being written and detected many errors.

Sam Dolgoff
New York City
January, 1974

“The first bus built in the workshops of the collectivized General Autobus Company.”

Spain : July 19, 1936 … July 19, 1937

14 juillet 2016

80ème anniversaire de la Révolution espagnole

Petite brochure en anglais d’Augustin Souchy publiée à New-York en 1937:

souchy1937-1

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(+ autre lien en cas de problème)

Marx : Life and Works (Rubel, 1965)

19 mars 2016

Livre en anglais de Maximilien Rubel (140 pages) téléchargeable au format pdf:

Rubel -Marx Life and Works(1965)-1

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Iran: A New Chapter in Workers’ Protests

1 janvier 2016

Workers in Iran, January 1, 2016, nr 9

Workers’ protest in the last two weeks is a sign of high and widespread protest among workers, and better put, a new chapter in workers’ struggle. It is safe to say that thousands of workers have been involved in struggle during the last two weeks, and these protests are ongoing. Specific to these protests are: militancy, continuance, long span, and issuance of ultimatum to orchestrate larger protests; and all these are happening in a vibrant social context. For example, the area around the parliament has turned to a place of daily gathering by workers and people. A special point to note in these struggles is the involvement of key industries and large labor complexes such as petroleum industry and large service industries with large number of clients. And this has given a heavy social and political weight to these protests. Aside from being a resistance against the regime’s attack on workers’ life and livelihood, these struggles are a big no to the Rouhani’s government, to his promises, to his austerity measures under the titles such as 6 Months Economic Package to get out of recession, Sixth Economic Development, and so on, which challenges the whole of the state.

Such a space of struggle and protest has given an important weight and place to workers’ movement in the fluid political conditions of the society. And, Workers’ protests, as a permanent arena of struggle in society, today, more than any other time, plays a crucial role in changing the balance of power in society towards peoples’ struggle and coming to the forth of the whole of the society with immediate and general demands. It suffices to have a look at the prominent examples of these protests in recent days in order to get a clearer picture from the things are that happening, and to get a better understanding of the strength and place of these struggles. Prominent examples of these protests are as follows:

– The protest of hundreds of high voltage operators representing 5000 workers in front of the parliament for two consecutive days during this week. In these protests workers issued an ultimatum to cut electricity all over the country if the Power Ministry did not substantiate its promises, by holding a placard. And this is the announcement of the right conditions to move towards general strikes. The gathering of hundreds of workers during this week has given a different look to this region.

– The bus workers of Vahed Company went on strike and protest because of a delay in payment of wages in some areas of Tehran, and the authorities were forced to pay their wages in a state of panic; because they have the experience of the magnificent strike of 2006 by these workers.
– Firefighters, as another section of service workers who are in direct contact with people, restarted their protests and, in protest against difficult and dangerous work conditions, lack of rights, and lack of safety and security gathered in front of the parliament.

– Thousands of workers in the special area of South Pars and other Phases, in an area that because of sensitive position and relation to petroleum industry they call it “special area”, so that they can control it with harder laws and regulations, an area in which government has repeatedly banned protests and threatened workers, have stopped work and resisted against bullying of contract profiteers, and are demanding their rights.

The protest gathering of the youth seeking work in the village of Shahrooee, related to the city of Behbehan of Khoozistan province, was faced with the attack of repressive forces and as a result of this criminal attack a young man by the name of Morteza Farajnia lost his life. Also, a young man by the name of Ebrahim Shahrooee was injured and taken to hospital, and three other young people by the names of Afshin, Hamid, and Daryoosh were taken to prison. But, in reaction to this barbaric crime, 7000 people from this region gathered to commemorate Morteza Farajnia, and announced that they will not let this issue to be forgotten and demanded the trial of the murderer of Morteza, medical treatment of Ebrahim Sharooee with acceptable standards, and freedom of arrested youth.

– The protest letters against new attacks of the government under the title of Sixth Development Program, including the call of Free Union of Iranian Workers regarding to the abolishment of 33rd and 24th clauses of this program, which is basically a plan for slave labor of the youth under the age of 29 and is an attack on the life and livelihood of retired people. And, the workers of Sanye Fulad ( steel industries) have announced a campaign related to this matter and this campaign is ongoing.

These happenings along with daily protests of workers in different work centers such as protest of municipal workers in Broojerd, contract workers of Reja, and protest gatherings of Ardel workers during this week, show the turbulent situation of protest movement of workers and the whole of society in Iran.

International Workers Solidarity Committee – Iran
January 1, 2016
Shahla Daneshfar:Shahla_daneshfar@yahoo.com

Translated by: Habib Biktas

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ISIS (Daesh) must be eliminated. This is our task. This is the task of the working class and its socialist movement

23 novembre 2015

Intervention de Dashty Jamal, militant du Parti communiste-ouvrier du Kurdistan, devant la conférence annuelle de l’Alliance for Workers Liberty le 22 novembre.

Dear Comrades,

I am glad to be here with you on behalf of Worker-communist Party of Kurdistan and Worker-communist Party of Iraq- Abroad Organisation I express our gratitude at being invited to your conference. We hope that this conference steps forward towards radical changes for workers. The AWL and our party have always had joint points in our struggle for gaining a better life for working people regardless of where they come from. The cooperation between us has ever helped us be keen to fight for our goals. At the same time we adopted necessary constructive criticism about any political stance we thought we needed to change for the benefit of our class struggle.

Today you are holding your conference at a chaotic time when working people are put under the military boots of the world bourgeoisie. Just look at what happens from the very heart of Europe to the Middle East and North Africa. There are many who think that we are experiencing a third world war. The warmongering policies of the American, European and Russian bourgeois governments directly led to military and political intervention in counties in the Middle East and North Africa. This policy has caused carnage; death of hundreds of thousands; havoc; displacement and devastating any trace of modern and urban society in those countries.

The world bourgeoisie supported the reactionary states of Saudi Arabia, Iran, Turkey, and Qatar, it has helped many Islamic groups under the name of “moderate Islamists” rise in America and Europe. These groups get massive financial supports either from the reactionary Islamic countries or American and European countries. These governments build mosques and other religious foundations under the name of multiculturalism and “respecting tolerance”? The paradox is clearly visible when we see that some of these foundations recruit for IS and other terrorist groups or nurture many suicide bombers in Europe itself. As we see this also revives racism in European countries in a very extreme level.

All this is the outcome of the aims of the world bourgeoisie and the imperialistic blocs, the USA and its allies in Europe and Russia and its allies. Their race is all about having control over the world, and divides the world between themselves. They compete on having their hegemony over other countries and expand their capital markets. They don’t care about the death of hundreds of thousands and destroying many parts of the world. It is not important for them to plunge the whole world in blood. As Marx put it this system is a like a vampire which sucks the life out of the working class.. But we have to do something. They must be stopped. They don’t fight IS; this vicious Islamic force is a project and they use it as a justification to achieve their goal. IS must be eliminated. This is our task. This is the task of the working class and its socialist movement.

We need a socialist platform to end the chaotic humanity lives in. We have to have a clear stance against imperialistic policy of the bourgeoisie and their state allies in the world and in the area. It is our duty to defend freedom, safety and stability of these societies. The working class and deprived mass must restore the political will to decide about their future and the political system, which can guarantee a dignified life. The freedom-loving people and the civilised humanity have the intention to put an end to this savage stage we are in. But the communists and the socialists must be in fore front of this struggle.

As far as Britain is concerned, we are overtly witnessing two different poles in our society. The Conservatives, who merged themselves into the imperialist pole and are a part of what happens in the Middle East, want to drive the British society into more dismal conditions. See how they cut the budget; follow austerity policies; cut social and housing benefits; increase tuition fees and so on. They are definitely supporting political Islam in Britain. We should undoubtedly stand against the Conservatives’ policy.

This is a chance to turn to the other pole, the working class, the left, and the socialists in Britain. Let me honestly say something about Labour Party. The election of Jeremy Corbyn is a turning point for the party and the whole society. His policy, for instance against cutting budget, refusing nuclear weapons, suggesting national education service, better health service, and so on, is good for the society. We have to support these and any other suggestions, which can lead to the betterment of people’s life. But we still need to ask ourselves: is the Labour Party socialist? Does it work for abolishing wage labour and thus gaining full equality between all humans? We are now talking about reformism and socialism. Is what is going on inthe Labour Party enough? To have a better life conditions is good, but it doesn’t necessarily lead to essential changes if we don’t have a strategy to do that. Reform can pave the way to socialism, but itself is not socialism. This is the boundary between us, as socialists, and the reformists. We need a worker revolution to end all what we have seen and experienced, a revolution leading to socialism.

We need now, more than ever, to polarise British society into capitalism and socialism. We need more than what is suggested till now. A socialist platform needs to be put before society: higher wages; lower work hours; better housing, free education and health services; stopping imperialist agenda; stopping support to the reactionary governments in the Middle East…. can be among many other demands. If we don’t have such a party that carries out such a strategic agenda, we might try to make the Labour Party a tribune for an independent socialist platform and strengthening a political and theoretical struggle to prevent that Labour Party goes towards right wing moreover.

We hope that your conference would insist on such a socialist strategy and platform. Good luck!

Long live socialism

dashty

A letter to my friends and comrades in France on the terrorist attacks of Paris (Houzan Mahmoud)

19 novembre 2015
Greetings dear friends

On the 31st of October 2015 I took part in a huge peace conference in the city of Ypres in Belgium on the occasion of centenary of the first World War 1 (1914-1918). I addressed the participants on the danger of ISIS in particular, but the Islamist ideology in general. My point was ‘no one is safe anymore, even us in this conference hall’. I felt that the audience might have thought I was exaggerating. I must say that what me and other activists from the Middle East have been saying for over a decade is more visible than ever before.

What happened on November 13th in the heart of Paris is inhumane and I condemn it. I offer deep heartedly condolences and solidarity to you and all French people for having to witness such barbaric attacks and losing loved ones. Yesterday, and days before Lebanon, Afghanistan, Baghdad, Syria and many other countless places were turned into such seen by Islamists.

Activists like myself from the Middle East, who have endured religious bigotry, misogyny and dictate have been warning the West for its endless support to the Islamists groups both in Europe but also in the Middle East. It is only ordinary civilians who are turned into ‘soft targets’ by Islamists everywhere.

While I am in full solidarity with civilians and victims of Islamic terrorist attacks in Paris but I can not join the slogan of saying “we are all French or Parisian”. Being Kurdish from Iraq, being a woman who opposes tyranny, nationalism, Islamism, sexism and all forms of capitalist segregation of human beings prevents me from saying that I am ‘French’ even if its symbolic or momentary.

Thousands of people get killed, raped, sold into slavery, beheaded, executed and oppressed for decades and we hardly see western governments mourn dead Iraqis, Syrians, Lebanese, Afghans or Kurds. It is only when the horror is brought home then the scope of brutality committed by these terrorist groups is suddenly real and the game of us the ‘civilized’ and them the ‘savages’ begin.

There is no ‘civilised’ or ‘savage’ division between us as humans, these kinds of agendas only suits both sides of this disgusting game. It is therefore not wise to join these nationalistic, exclusionist, divisive slogans such as we are all ‘French’ or we the civilised and them the reactionaries or ‘savages’. As I feel that this will only contribute to the existing divisions and racisms and is not conducive to our struggle which is opposed to all forms of racisms. This will further divides the society between two camps which is not realistic. Societies should not be divided on the basis we are civilized and the rest are savages. We should not loose ground to these reactionary and racist divisions.

We need to remember that millions of ordinary Muslims across the region are victims of Islamic terrorism. Thanks to the west for backing dictators in Libya, Syria, Iran, Iraq, Egypt, and other places, also for nurturing Islamist ideology under the excuse of ‘this is Authentic’ and belongs to the savages.

Thousands of people in our region refuses to bow for these authentic Islamist terror groups and states. Look at the resistance of women and men, old and young Kurdistan, who are up in arms against these Islamist groups.

What we need to do as progressives is to stand firm against these horrific attacks everywhere, but at the same time beware and oppose capitalist division of our societies further on the basis of ‘civilised’ and ‘savage’, ‘us’ and ‘them’, ‘our values’ and ‘their values’. This will only provide a breeding ground for terror groups like ISIS, Boko Haram, Al-Qaida, and many others to flourish. We need unity on our own terms, on the basis of equality between all people.

Love and solidarity

Houzan Mahmoud

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Collectivization in Spain (Korsch, 1939)

11 novembre 2015

Article de Karl Korsch publié dans Living Marxism N°6 (avril 1939), consistant en plus qu’une note de lecture de L’oeuvre constructive de la Révolution Espagnole. Recueil de documents (CNT, 1937), disponible au format pdf:

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The revolutionary I.W.W. (1913)

7 novembre 2015

Brochure disponible au format pdf:

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Voir aussi: