Le Workers Party et la tendance Johnson-Forest (1940-1947)

Un nouveau texte important sur MIA:

Trotskyism in the United States, 1940-1947

The Workers Party and the Johnson Forest Tendency

First Published: by Johnson-Forest Tendency, August 20, 1947. Transcribed: by Damon Maxwell.



In 1940 the present Workers Party split from the Socialist Workers Party. The comrades and organizations abroad who share our political ideas considered this an American phenomenon. Seven years have passed, years that have shaken bourgeois society and everything in it to their foundations. The International too has felt and is feeling the successive shocks. Now that the Extraordinary Party Conference approaches, with the rapidity which characterizes our epoch, all the basic phenomena which characterized the split of 1940 have appeared all over the International. The American experience, however, is coming to the close of one definitive stage. The 1940 split has been clarified in life. This clarification by today, 1947, has shown that the divisions in the United States were not at all isolated or national phenomena. It is the national peculiarities of the U.S. that disguised for a period the profoundly international significance of the events in the Trotskyist movement in the United States from 1940-1947. Because, among other reasons, the experience has been already clarified in the United States, the Extraordinary Party Conference will ,be deeply influenced politically and organizationally according to the degree to which it has absorbed the lessons of the American experience between 1940 and 1947. Not the least contribution to this task is that the struggle was participated in and illuminated with the greatest thoroughness by Trotsky and represented the climax of his great contributions to the international movement.

I. The Unprincipled split

II. Trotsky’s Role in the 1940 split

III. The Political Evolution of the Workers Party

a) W.P. and the American Question
b) W.P. and the International Question

IV. The Johnson-Forest Tendency

V. The Organizational Question

a) Opportunism in General
b) Opportunism in the American Movement
c) “All-Inclusive Party” and “Bureaucracy”

VI. Perspectives in the United States

a) S.W.P. and the W.P.
b) S.W.P. and the American Revolution

VII. Lessons of the American Experience for the International

Appendix: Conversations with Trotsky on the Transitional Program

The Johnson-Forest tendency present this balance sheet of Trotskyism in the United States for its co-thinkers at home and abroad who share the program and principles of the Fourth International by Trotsky in 1938. In 1942 the Trotskyists in the United States were compelled to disaffiliate themselves from the Fourth International by the reactionary laws of the American government. All references to the Fourth International in the United States, therefore, refer to the two parties, the Socialist Workers Party and the Workers Party, who stand on the principles of the Fourth International. Despite the disaffiliation the mutual influencing and interest in ideas continues and must continue. It is in this spirit that we present our balance sheet.

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